Response to Instruction & Intervention (RtI) is a framework for meeting the instructional needs of all learners through a variety of support services and interventions, or a multi-tiered system of supports. (MTSS) It begins with high-quality, culturally responsive differentiated instruction, positive behavior systems, universal screening and data analysis of all learning in the general education classroom. When learners are not yet proficient despite high-quality core instruction and positive behavior support, a team of educators comes together in a problem-solving setting to identify the academic and behavioral needs of those learners.
Using interventions to improve academic performance is nothing new, because it works! The National Center on Response to Intervention defines Response to Intervention as follows:
“…With RtI, schools identify students at risk for poor learning outcomes, monitor student progress, provide evidence-based interventions and adjust the intensity and nature of those interventions depending on a student’s responsiveness, and identify students with learning disabilities or other disabilities.” (NCRtI, 2010)What is Response to Intervention?Enduring Understanding: The Response to Intervention process targets success for all students by emphasizing high-quality instruction and early intervention. The student’s response to the interventions implemented at each tier of the model is carefully documented, monitored frequently and adjusted as needed.The Major Components of RtI
- Data-based decision making--Critical educational decisions are based on assessment results. Data is carefully analyzed to determine why academic or behavioral problems exist.
- Universal screening--Universal screeners are assessments administered to all students to determine as early as possible which students are at risk of not meeting academic benchmarks. These screenings are administered three times per year in order to meet early intervention needs of all students.
- Tiered model of delivery--The RtI process incorporates a tiered model of delivery of instruction. The tiers reflect increasing intensification of interventions to meet the individual needs of students.
- Progress monitoring--The monitoring of student progress is a research-based practice that produces data about student growth over time. Progress monitoring is used to determine the effectiveness of instruction and/or interventions.
- Fidelity of Implementation--Fidelity of implementation is achieved when the delivery of instruction, assessments, and progress monitoring is carried out as it was designed to be.
The Response to Intervention process targets success for all students by emphasizing high-quality instruction and early intervention.
How Can I Help as a Parent/Caregiver?
Please refer to the Parent Handbook for tips on how to help your child in the RtI process.